The Vedas They are metrical poems comprising prayers, hymns man in the earliest times. This should be distinguished from other religious texts, which are called “smrti”, meaning “what is remembered”. The Tandya or Panchavimsa, the Shadvimsa, the The Rig-Veda is divided into twenty-one sections, the Yajur-Veda into one hundred and Vedas are the oldest Book on Earth. Hindus believe that God revealed the Vedas to the Rishis when they were in a state of deep meditation and prayed to God for eternal knowledge for the well-being of humans in the world. The others are: Yajur Veda or Yahurveda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda.The Rig Veda is the oldest of them and it consists of 1,028 Vedic Sanskrit hymns and 10,600 verses in all, organized into ten books. The oldest written book is “The Ramayana” written approximately 8,000 years ago by Valmiki followed by “The Mahabharatha” written by Vyasa approximately 6000 years ago. Each Veda consists of four parts: the Mantra-Samhitas or hymns, the Brahmanas It has three shakhas, namely: • Kauthuma: Panchvish Brahmana Some of the famous Rishis were Bhrigu, Angiras, Yajnavalkya, and Gargi. Rig Veda is the oldest religious book in the world. are the fountain-head of religion. In fact, the Vedas are regarded as the world’s oldest piece of literature. in all. By the Vedas, no books are meant. The Vedas help humans to attain all these endeavors. Names and forms are illusory. Of all the ancient writings, most scholars agree that the Old Testament of the Bible is the oldest of religious books. Sanskrit literature can be classified under six orthodox heads and four Well, this could be the most controversial article ever written in the History of Indian Subcontinent. but the Vedas do not owe their authority to any one. The word Rishi means a Seer, from dris, to see. Self. “Yajur” means ceremony and the Yajur Veda mainly describes the procedure of performing the rituals. In fact, the Rig Veda is the oldest book known to humanity. He did not the Vajasaneya is a later revelation to sage Yajnavalkya from the resplendent Sun-God. The Golden Book of Holy Vedas primarily explains Rig veda. Undoubtedly, Vedas are the oldest religious texts in the world. Learn to discriminate Eventually, all these hymns and texts were compiled by the great sage Vyasa into four collections which are now called as the Vedas. In fact, the Vedas are regarded as the world’s oldest piece of literature. create it out of his mind. the Self or the sexless, bodiless Atman. Therefore sublate them. *No one can “study”, not read, all the poems in Tamil in one’s life time. In fact, many Puranas have been named after major Hindu deities such as Vishnu, Devi, and Shiva. It is believed that they were composed between 1400 and 1000 BC. The word Veda means knowledge. The division of the Vedas into four parts is to suit the four stages in a man's life. In ancient times, there were many seers, sages, or rishis who lived simple, contemplative lives in the high altitudes of Himalayas and along the banks of sacred rivers. They are not the composition of any human mind. Each Veda is subsequently divided into four parts, namely: The Samhitas were the earliest composition and were followed by the Brahmanas. On the rivers Drsadvati, Saraswati, shine richly.”. kinds of worship or meditation. This is real, eternal life in The book was printed by Johannes Gutenberg, who invented the printing press and … Vedas, Upanishads, the epic sagas of Ramayan and Mahabhart are the part of Indian literary heritage . Ultimately they took the form of written books. The Rig Veda was composed around 3,500 years ago and comprises … The Aranyakas are intended for the Vanaprasthas or hermits It is an ancient text written in Sanskrit giving a mythological account of ancient times. interpretations of the rituals. Modern Indologists in western countries slowly moving up the date of the Vedas to 1700 BCE. They regard Vedas as “Anadi” and “Nitya.” It is believed that Vedas manifest themselves after each Pralaya (deluge). Each of the hymns contained in Vedas is long and is composed of several verses. The Upanishads are the most important portion of the Vedas. portion of the Vedas is useful for the Brahmacharins. The Jnana-Kanda or Knowledge-Section deals with the In the latter half, they should pursue spiritual goals, lead an austere life and ascend to the abode of God. Karma-Kanda; the Aranyakas Upasana-Kanda; and the Upanishads Jnana-Kanda. If we go by the Hindu beliefs, it is said that Vedas were composed by several Rishis when they were in the state of deep meditation. The Atharva Veda contains vivid descriptions of different kinds of worship and invocations. In all, the whole Veda is thus divided into one thousand one hundred and eighty Even if we agree with the date given by the Western Scholars –1200 BCE, there was no other book at that time with huge a volume hymns on Gods like the Rig Veda in any part of the world. So, Vedas are essentially the heard ones and were described as “Shruti.” It is only about 5000-7000 years ago that Vedas were penned down for the benefit of mankind. These were not yet written down. he received. The The Mantra The Vedas are eternal. essence or the knowledge portion of the Vedas. The Sama-Veda Samhita is mostly borrowed from the Rig-Vedic Samhita, and is meant to be and incantations addressed to various deities, both subjective and objective. It contains about 760 hymns of which 160 hymns are in common with the Rig Veda. The Rig Veda was likely composed between roughly 1700–1100 BCE, making it one of the oldest texts of any Indo-Iranian language, one of the world's oldest religious texts. them. Sukla and the Krishna. world! The oldest of the texts is the Rig Veda, and while it is not possible to establis… The Veda is the glorious pride of the Hindus, nay, of the whole have received their religion through revelation, the Vedas. Hindus consider the Vedas … The Vedas were transmitted orally during the course of numerous subsequent generations before finally being archived in written form. He was the seer of thought which existed already. 107 Miracle Herbs in the Hindu Vedas - Picture: Susrutha statue in Haridwar Ayurveda is one of the oldest, probably the oldest, medical systems in the world. direct intuitive perception of Brahman or the Truth. Vedas are an It can never be fixed. Rig Veda is the oldest religious book in the world. It is believed that the Veda have composed several thousands of years ago. The sages then composed hymns and texts expressing these universal truths in the Sanskrit language. It is also recommended to practice chanting Veda Mantras under a learned Guru or Master. The We welcome your valuable comments and suggestions. Melt all illusory differences. All the other religions of the world written, never created. In fact, Hindus maintain that Vedas are eternal and exist eternally in the higher realms of the world called as “Brahman.” They manifest at the start of every cycle of creation for the well-being of the world. It was first written at 1000 BC through 500 BC and the words were given by God to its writers. Vedas have not written by anybody please but emanated direct from God. scriptures, why, even of the secular and the materialistic. Rig Veda or ‘Rigveda’ means praise/verse of knowledge. who prepare themselves for taking Sannyasa. recensions. The They reveal the most subtle and deep spiritual In fact, Hindus believe Vedas to be eternal. been fixed. Agamas and (vi) Darsanas. Remove all barriers that separate man from man. There are 18 Maha Puranas and 18 Upa Puranas, containing over 400,000 verses. The Rig Veda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted among the four Hindu religious texts known as the Vedas. Aranyaka. However, if we go by Vedic hymns which mention Saraswati River to be actually flowing and existent, Vedas must be as old as the last time when Saraswati River actually flowed in India. They did intense penance and deep meditation, and inquired about – Why we are born? “On man, on Apaya, Agni! Rig Veda, one of the oldest texts of the Indo-Aryan Civilization still extant, is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic hymns. The philosophy of the Upanishads is They are an invaluable source of knowledge for the material as well as the spiritual well-being of humans on earth. The thought was not his own. Koran or al-Qur'an (holy book of Islam) was written in 650 AD. Rishi is only a medium or an agent to transmit to people the intuitional experiences which This invasion hypothesis, however, is not unanimously accepted by scholars today. The literal meaning of Puranas is “ancient, old”. So, Vedas should be much older than 7000 years. The holy Vedas are a source of immense knowledge and help us to attain peace and happiness. Feel that there is nothing but the In fact, Hinduism strives and advocates a balanced life aiming for the four goals of human life as Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha. prosperity here and happiness hereafter. claim their authority as being delivered by special messengers of God to certain persons, According to archeological research, Saraswati River dried up and disappeared in North India around 5000 BC. • Rāvāyanīya: Shadvish Brahmana. The knowledge of Vedas … The Hindus Initially it was just 'shruti' as were they composed. The Atharva-Veda Samhita is meant to be used by the Brahma, the Atharva-Vedic Indian wisdom and is a memorable glory which man can never forget till eternity. in all the scriptural literature of the world. However they appear to have been evolved over a long period and until the script was developed. The cultural-linguistic records; mainly the variation in form of Sanskrit used (from present-day) point out the origin of the Rig V… The Puranas are anonymous texts and were written by many different writers over the centuries. between the permanent and the impermanent. He was only Mantras embody the greatest truths of existence, and it is perhaps the greatest treasure The Rishis saw the truths or heard truths. When it is applied to scripture, it signifies a book of knowledge. Serve the Self It is embodied in the Vedas. It is the book of sacrificial prayers and describes the rituals used during Yajna. The origin of the Vedas can be traced back as far as 1500 BCE, when a large group of nomads called the Aryans, coming from central Asia, crossed the Hindu Kush Mountains, migrating into the Indian subcontinent. the essence of the teachings of the Vedas and sages of yore. The Upanishads speak of the identity of the By chanting Veda Mantras in a correct and systematic way, one can attain God, peace, health, wealth, and luck. It is often also known as the “Liturgy to Nintud” or “Liturgy to Nintud on the creation of man and woman”.The first discovered tablets that were a part of this work were found during the excavations of a library temple in Nippur, the most ancient Sumerian city which focused on the worship of the gods Enlil and Nenlil, who Sumerian… Vedas are eternal spiritual truths. The fundamental of the Vedas is this that it was not written or spoken. In the Vedic Era, it was not considered as a Veda, and it was only in late 1st millennium BC that Atharva Veda was accepted as a Veda. The truths of the Vedas are revelations. the Yajur-Vedic priest, for superfluous explanations of the rites in sacrifices, All we know for certain, mainly through linguistic studies, is that the Aryan langua… The oldest of the four Vedas is the Rig Veda , which means ‘Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise’. The Mantra-Samhitas are hymns in praise of the Vedic God for attaining material The Rig Veda was composed around 3,500 years ago and comprises … At last, they were able to discover answers to these profound questions. founders and teachers of all other religions have drawn their inspiration. The Krishna-Yajur-Veda has the There is no doubt of this. Further up, Vedas existed long before they were finally written down in textual format. They are themselves the authority as The Veda is the storehouse of They were written down by several seers known as “Rishis” in the Hindu tradition. The Yajur-Veda is again divided into two parts, the The Celestial Key to the Vedas succeeds in shattering the time frame through which all Indo-European literature has been previously measured. The date of the Vedas has never The Rishi did not write. The Vedas represent the spiritual experiences of the Rishis of yore. We hope that you are now more enlightened about what are Vedas. Chhandogya, the Adbhuta, the Arsheya and the Upanishad Brahmanas belong to the Sama-Veda. However, it is necessary to chant Vedic or Veda Mantras in the right and systematic way to get positive energy. The Rig-Veda Samhita is the grandest book of the Hindus, the oldest and the best. Destroy the sex-idea and body-idea by constantly thinking of Vedas help humans to attain their eternal state and rise from their embodied, limited state as liberated souls. Religion is of divine origin. The Purana literature contains diverse topics, including cosmology, genealogies of gods, goddesses, kings, heroes, sages, folk tales, theology, philosophy, pilgrimages, temples, and medicine. Live in the spirit of the teachings of the Vedas. The origins of the Rig Veda (also written RigVeda), the earliest Hindu Veda, are lost to history—but most historians agree that they predate the Jewish scriptures by several centuries. The Mantras and the Brahmanas constitute Two Sanskrit words Rig and Veda constituting it translates to ‘praise or shine’ and ‘knowledge’ respectively. Share what you have,-physical, mental, moral or spiritual,-with all. What is the real purpose of human life? He is the Mantra-Drashta, These Rishis sought to understand the fundamental truths of life. explanations of the method of using the Mantras in the Yajna or the sacrifice. He is not the inventor of the Veda. The Krishna or the Taittiriya is the older book and the Sukla or the Vajasaneya is a later revelation to sage Yajnavalkya from the resplendent Sun-God. foundational scriptures of the Hindus. The Veda is divided into four great books: the Rig-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, the Sama-Veda and the Atharva-Veda. Its style, the language and the tone are most beautiful and mysterious. various sacrifices and rituals. (They have been listed in the order of their composition). There are four Vedas in all namely Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda. If you liked the post, don’t forget to share it with your friends and colleagues. They are without beginning and end. Alankaras. The knowledge by the power of God was originated about 1,960,853,000 years ago. In comparison, most others are relatively young. As Veda Mantras are energy based sounds, chanting of these sacred mantras are used for treating physical as well as mental illness. It is said that the Rig Veda was composed around 1700 BC. It is also regarded as the most important Veda, and has contributed greatly to the other three sets of texts. the Great Indian Bible, which no Hindu would forget to adore from the core of his heart. Its immortal It is a known fact that the Vedas, including Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, and Atharva Veda have not been authored by a single writer. The Vedas are huge religious texts and contain thousands of hymns. “Rig” means ritual and the Rig Veda mainly contains hymns and prayers (Mantras) dedicated to the worship of the universal forces usually referred as Rig Vedic deities or demigods. In that sense, the Vedas are eternal. With astonishing new evidence, author B. G. Sidharth proves that the earliest portions of the R. g Veda, the world’s oldest … Veda Mantra is a set of words composed of holy sounds that are mainly used during Puja, rituals, religious ceremonies, and Sadhanas. The Brahmana portions guide people to perform sacrificial rites. religious knowledge can be traced. In fact, Vedas are those books of knowledge that help people to attain these four goals in life. This is “Atharva” means a priest who has the knowledge about the secret lore. The Vedic Rishis were great realised persons who had However, originally (in the beginning) there were only three Veda and were known as the “Triple Vedas” or “Vedatraya.” The fourth Veda was included subsequently. The Veda’s – oldest sacred books in India.The Vedas are the soonest known writing in India. The Vedas are the ultimate source to which all dynamic Yogi or a Jivanmukta. The Vedas book. It is believed that the first versions of Puranas were composed between the 3rd and 10th century CE. They were never Mix with all. The Vedas are the eternal truths revealed by God to the great ancient Rishis of India. Moreover, the expression “Vedic” is taken from the Sanskrit word “Veda” which stands for knowledge or revelation. For more than a century scholars have debated the antiquity of the Vedas and their related literature, the Brahmanas and Puranas. Love thy neighbour Taittiriya and the Maitrayana Brahmanas. So, that’s all from us in this presentation about The Vedas. They are older than any other scripture. secular heads. One should get into the practice of chanting Veda Mantras with complete faith and belief. Relying upon a host of assumptions from linguistic theory, anthropology, and archaeology, they have agreed upon 1500 b.c. • The Jaiminiya: Jaiminiya Brahmana author in particular. You will shine as a or explanations of Mantras or rituals, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads. Each of the Brahmanas has got an It is believed that God revealed these sacred truths to the sages when they were in the state of deep meditation. Brahmana portion is suitable for the householders. Vedas, meaning “knowledge,” were written in Vedic Sanskrit between 1500 and 500 BCE in the northwestern region the Indian Subcontinent. It is believed that the Veda have composed several thousands of years ago. The six orthodox sections form the authoritative scriptures of the Hindus. Therefore, the Vedas are what are heard (Sruti). We take an excerpt from Rig Veda (Book 3: Hymn 23:4) where Saraswati River is described as actually flowing. highest knowledge of Nirguna Brahman. Not much is known about the authors of the Vedas, as the focus is placed on the ideas found in Vedic tradition rather than those who originated the ideas. Initially, the Veda were not written down but were transferred from one generation of Rishis to other by vocal means. Please read my article “To master Tamil language———“ in this blog. In fact, Rig Veda is regarded as the oldest religious text in the world. One of the oldest books in the world, Rig Veda is a part of the four sacred texts of Hinduism called Veda. photo source: WikipediaThe Kesh Temple Hymn is one of the oldest surviving pieces of literature in the world. These hymns containing sacred knowledge were passed from one generation to other, from teacher to student, by means of vocal transmission, chanting them aloud. “Akara muthala Ezuththellam”-Tirukkural. The term Veda comes from the root 'Vid', to know. A collection of 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses in all, organized into ten different Mandalas (or the books; Sanskrit), it is the principal and oldest of the four Vedas. The Vedas were written in Sanskrit and were passed on orally from one age to the next. The Upasana-Kanda or Worship-Section deals with various they are eternal, as they are the Knowledge of the Lord. The oldest books in the world as per the reckoning/dawn of civilisations is no doubt the Vedas. The subject matter of the whole Veda is divided into Karma- Kanda, Atman. They were inspired writers. It has a collection of 1028 Vedic hymns in Sanskrit and as much as 10,600 verses in all which are organized into ten books known as mandalas. revelations and are held to be Apaurusheya or entirely superhuman, without any How did life happen on earth? They are not the work of any single author. “Sama” means singing, and the Sama Veda contains descriptions about chanting the mantras in accordance with mystic vibrations. of the breath of the Lord. One of the oldest books in the world, Rig Veda is a part of the four sacred texts of Hinduism called Veda. The Srutis are called the Vedas, or the Amnaya. The Aranyakas and Upanishads came in the later Vedic era. Moreover, Vedas were born under inspiration when seers deeply enquired about the very truth of existence. The "family books", mandalas 2–7, are the oldest part of the Rigveda and the shortest books; they are arranged by length (decreasing length of hymns per book) and account for 38% of the text. It is believed to have been compiled around 900 BC. An ignorant man, may say how "The Rig-Veda", says Max Muller, "is the most ancient book of the world. sung by the Udgatri, the Sama Vedic priest, in sacrifices. The Sanskrit term “Veda” as a common noun means “Knowledge”, with a capital “K”. The Rig Veda has been described as having the origin of divine knowledge. The Rig Veda, compiled around 1000 BCE in an archaic form of Sanskrit, is the oldest and most important of the Vedas, and the basis of much Hindu thought.The oldest veda isRigveda There are manily 4 Vedas, Rig Veda being the oldest. It has 1549 hymns which were sung during the soma sacrifice by special Brahmans known as “Udgatris.” There are hymns dedicated to Agni and Indra. Originally, the knowledge of the Vedas was transferred from one generation to others by the ancient seers. The Veda is divided into four great books: the Rig-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, sublime, profound, lofty and soul-stirring. Upasana-Kanda and Jnana-Kanda. 10 Major Differences Between Valmiki Ramayana and Tulsidas Ramcharitmanas. “Agni Meele Prohitham”-Rig Veda. It is a vast genre of Indian literature covering a wide range of topics such as myths, legends, as well as traditional lore. The Bhagavata Purana is regarded among the most celebrated text in the Purana genre. However, unlike sacred texts of Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism that has definite historical dates assigned to them, there is no definite date that can be assigned to the composition of Vedas. The Vedas are the religions are derived from the Vedas and are ultimately traceable to the Vedas. 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